Sleep Apnea in Children
Pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea Screening Quiz
Snoring and bruxism in children: it is NOT just noise!
Does your child have any of the following symptoms?
- Continuous loud snoring
- Episodes of not breathing at night (apnea)
- Failure to thrive (weight loss or poor weight gain)
- Chronic mouth breathing
- Enlarged tonsils and adenoids (with frequent sore throat infections)
- Problems sleeping, bed wetting and restless sleep (including sleep walking)
- Excessive daytime sleepiness
- Frequent headaches
- Daytime cognitive and behavior problems, including problems paying attention, aggressive behavior and hyperactivity, which can lead to problems at school
- Does your child wake up in the same position in which they went to sleep?
- Are the bed sheets nicely placed or strewn all over the bed in the morning?
- Do your children have dark circles under their eyes?
- Do your children seem inattentive?
Children on average clench and grind their teeth 50% more than adults. This is extremely problematic for the child’s facial, airway and TMJ formation as another purpose to the baby teeth is “holding the position of the jaw. When the teeth are lost or the size of the teeth diminish due to bruxism, the lower face profiles is reduced vertically which then negatively impacts the airway, negatively impacts aesthetics and can even retrude (pull back) the jaw closer to the ears.
There is strong research that shows that children with ADD/ADHD, and behavioral issues have sleep breathing issues, and that correction of the sleep breathing disorder eliminates or greatly reduces the symptoms of ADD/ADHD.
Treatment of Pediatric Sleep Disorders
Treatment of pediatric sleep disorders is most commonly successful with palatal expansion (in this office we use ALF appliances to achieve the desired results) tonsil and adenoid removal and CPAP therapy. But Research has shown however that CPAP use in growing children can flatten their faces.
Pediatric sleep bruxism-related tooth wear may be utilized as a clinical marker for underlying pediatric sleep-disordered breathing, allowing the dental practitioner to make a prompt referral of the child to appropriate medical specialists concerned with the early diagnosis and management of this condition.
The following simple test will help identify if your child has Sleep Problems:
- Ask them to wake you every time they awake throughout the night.
- After 3 nights ask yourself, “Did I get a good nights sleep?”
By mimicking your child’s sleep habits, you can gauge the severity of disruption to their sleep. These symptoms and bedwetting can be corrected with early detection and orthodontic treatment.